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AN ASSESSMENT OF ECOWAS PROTOCOL ON FREE MOVEMENT, RESIDENCE AND ESTABLISHMENT OF WEST AFRICAN CITIZENS

Mbachi, C. O. and Ikeanyibe, O. M. (2017) AN ASSESSMENT OF ECOWAS PROTOCOL ON FREE MOVEMENT, RESIDENCE AND ESTABLISHMENT OF WEST AFRICAN CITIZENS. In: CUCEN 2017, Covenant University, Ota.

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Abstract

The treaty establishing the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) was signed in Lagos on the 28th of May 1975. Article 27 objective of the treaty is to establish a borderless region and a common citizenship in West Africa. A key objective of the treaty is to remove obstacles affecting the protocol on free movement of persons, residence and establishment in the sub-region. This study seeks to identify the obstacles hindering the full implementation of the protocol. Furthermore it also seeks to find out how ECOWAS has been able to mitigate these obstacles. In order to achieve the objectives of this study, descriptive analysis was employed and data was largely drawn from primary and secondary sources. The study adopted the Neo- functionalism theory to analysis ECOWAS protocol on free movement, residence and establishment of West African citizens. Findings shows that cultural and language barrier, lack of education, foreign policy of member states, inadequate funding, colonial heritage and historical antecedent economic condition of member states and threats to national security, such as: that illicit drug trafficking, money laundering, violent crimes, internet fraud, human trafficking, terrorism, and the proliferation of Small Arms and Light weapons, are the major factors hindering ECOWAS protocol on free movement, residence and establishment from achieving it goals and objectives. It therefore recommends among other measures, that states need to work together as a team for the ECOWAS protocol on free movement, residence and establishment to be fully implemented in West Africa.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce
Divisions: Faculty of Law, Arts and Social Sciences > School of Humanities
Depositing User: Mr Adewole Adewumi
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2018 18:35
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2018 18:35
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/10328

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