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Olaifa, E. and Osuagwu, E. (2017) EFFECTS OF OIL SPILLS ON FISH PRODUCTION IN THE NIGER DELTA OF NIGERIA. In: CUCEN 2017, Covenant University, Ota.

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The oil producing area of Nigeria, known as the Niger Delta region consist of highly diverse ecosystems that is supportive of numerous species of terrestrial and aquatic fauna and flora. The region is the largest wetland in Africa and it is among the ten most important wetlands and marine ecosystems in the world. Incident of oil spill raises concern about seafood safety. Crude oil endangers fish hatcheries in coastal water and also contaminates commercially valuable fish flesh. Hence, this study examines the effects of oil spills on fish production in Niger Delta of Nigeria from 1981-2015 by using an estimable production function based on a Cobb Douglas production function model. The variables included in the model are captured fish production, number of fishers, loan to fishery, oil spills data and oil production data sourced from FAOSTAT, CBN and Department of Petroleum Resources (DPR) respectively. The findings established that oil spills and oil production negatively affect fish production, while labour positively affects fish production. On the other hand, fishery loan exerts a negative effect on fish production and this can be ascribed to the bottlenecks in trying to access these loans. Looking at the Pairwise Granger Causality test result, it was established that the number of times oil is spilled on the environment affect the level of fish production negatively.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
Divisions: Faculty of Law, Arts and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Mr Adewole Adewumi
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2018 19:29
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2018 19:29

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