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Mathematical Projections of Air Pollutants Effects over Niger Delta Region Using Remotely Sensed Satellite Data

Omotosho, T. V. and Emetere, Moses and Arase, O. S. (2015) Mathematical Projections of Air Pollutants Effects over Niger Delta Region Using Remotely Sensed Satellite Data. International Journal of Applied Environmental Sciences , 10 (2). pp. 651-664. ISSN 0973-6077

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Abstract

Air pollution due gas–flaring is a major concern in the Niger-Delta region of Nigeria. The short and long term effect of the massive air pollution on the life form within the area requires urgent attention because of the health implication. This research examines the impact of air pollutants in Niger-Delta region using remotely sensed satellite data. The satellite data set was obtained from CALIPSO, MODIS and ARIS. A mathematical software (MATLAB) was used to analyse the results. For Sulphur dioxide (SO2), Uyo had the highest rate of pollution (0.67DU), then Yenegoa (0.66DU), Benin (0.64DU), Asaba (0.60DU), Port Harcourt (0.58DU), Calabar (0.55DU) respectively. For Carbon dioxide (CO2), Yenegoa was the most polluted with (382.01ppmv), Port Harcourt, Calabar and Uyo all had (381.99ppmv) then Benin (381.77ppmv) and Asaba (381.53ppmv) respectively. For Nitrogen dioxide (NO2), Port Harcourt had the highest mean value with (54.65mol/cm2), Asaba (51.05mol/cm2), Uyo (49.08mol/cm2),Calabar (47.84mol/cm2), Yenagoa (46.73mol/cm2), Benin (43.22mol/cm2) respectively. For Methane (CH4), the stations with the highest rate of pollution were Port Harcourt, Yenagoa and Uyo with (3.86E+19mol/cm2), Benin and Asaba had (3.8E+19mol/cm2) while Calabar (3.76E+19mol/cm2). Mathematical projections were made to capture the dilemma- people in this region might encounter in the nearest future.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: gas flaring, mathematical model, aerosols, Niger-Delta region, green house gases, aerosol, sulphate, methane, carbon dioxide, nitrate oxide
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Physics
Depositing User: Mrs Patricia Nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 28 Mar 2018 08:41
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2018 08:41
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/10526

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