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Experimental performance of LPG refrigerant charges with varied concentration of TiO2 nano-lubricants in a domestic refrigerator

Adelekan, D.S and Ohunakin, O.S. and Babarinde, T.O. and Odunfa, K. M. and Leramo, R.O. and Oyedepo, Sunday Olayinka (2017) Experimental performance of LPG refrigerant charges with varied concentration of TiO2 nano-lubricants in a domestic refrigerator. Case Studies in Thermal Engineering, 9. pp. 55-61.

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This article present an experimental investigation of varied mass charges of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (40 g, 50 g, 60 g and 70 g) enhanced with varied TiO2 nanoparticle/mineral oil concentrations (0.2 g/L, 0.4 g/L and 0.6 g/L nanolubricants) in a R134a compressor of a domestic refrigerator. Performance tests investigated at steady state included: pull down time, power consumption, compressor power input, cooling capacity and coefficient of performance (COP). Analysis was based on temperature and pressure readings obtained from appropriate gauges attached to the test rig. Refrigerant property characteristics were obtained using Ref-Prop NIST 9.0 software. Results obtained showed almost equal evaporator air temperatures and reduction in power consumption for all tested nano-lubricant concentrations except at 70 g charge of LPG using 0.6 g/L nano-lubricant. Furthermore, the lowest compressor power input was found to be 21 W and obtained using 70 g of LPG with either of 0.2 g/L or 0.4 g/L nano-lubricants. At 70 g of LPG using 0.6 g/L concentration of nano-lubricant, highest cooling capacity index of 65 W was obtained while the highest COP of 2.8 was obtained with 40 g charge of LPG using 0.4 g/L concentration of nanolubricant. In conclusion, LPG-TiO2 nano-lubricant mixture works safely and efficiently in domestic refrigerators without modification of capillary tube length, but requires adequate optimization.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Liquefied Petroleum Gas Coefficient of Performance TiO2 nanoparticle Mineral oil
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Hannah Akinwumi
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2018 10:18
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2018 10:18

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