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Phytochemical Screening and Antimicrobial Studies of Stem and Root Extracts of Crateva adansonii

Ajanaku , C. O. and Echeme, Johnbull O and Mordi, Raphael C. and Owoeye, T. F. and Taiwo, O. S. and Ejilude, Oluwaseun and Ataboh, J. U. (2018) Phytochemical Screening and Antimicrobial Studies of Stem and Root Extracts of Crateva adansonii. Annual Research & Review in Biology, 24 (5). pp. 1-7. ISSN 2347-565X

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Abstract

Aim: This study was designed to explore the phytochemical and antimicrobial screening of the stem and root extracts of Crateva adansonii. Place and Duration of Study: Sample: Iyesi village, Ota, Ogun State, and analysis carried out at Department of Chemistry and Department of Biological Sciences, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State and for duration of three months (November 2016 to February 2017). Methodology: Standard universal procedures were employed for both phytochemical and antimicrobial analysis. Results: The result obtained from the stem and root extracts of Crateva adansonii indicated the presence of flavonoids, terpenoids, alkaloids, and cardiac glycosides. Root extract was found to be richer in source of phytochemicals when compared to the stem extract. However, the highest antibacterial activity was observed against selected bacteria by both stem and root extracts. The potency of the root extract was observed to be higher than the stem extract against Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus, Aspergillus niger and Serratia spp. Conclusion: The preliminary studies on the stem and the root of Crateva adansonii extracts revealed their antimicrobial potential which could be further investigated for global utilization in pharmaceutical treatment, natural therapies, food preservation and cosmetic applications.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Phytochemicals; antimicrobial; antibacterial assay; inhibitory concentration.
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Chemistry
Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Patricia Nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 08 May 2018 12:34
Last Modified: 08 May 2018 12:34
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/10759

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