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Prevalence of malaria and anaemia among HIV infected patients in Benin City, Nigeria

Akinbo, Frederick O and Okaka, Christopher E and Omoregie, Richard and Mordi, Raphael C. and Igbinuwen, Osamwonyi (2009) Prevalence of malaria and anaemia among HIV infected patients in Benin City, Nigeria. N Z J Med Lab Science. pp. 78-80.

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Abstract

Objective: To determine the prevalence of malaria and anaemia in HIV-infected persons and the effect of age, gender and CD4+T cell counts thereon. Methods: Blood samples were collected from 491 patients (240 female) attending an out patient clinic. Malaria parasitaemia was diagnosed by microscopy while anaemia was defi ned as haemoglobin concentration <130g/L in males and <120g/L in females. The CD4 + T cell count was estimated by fl ow cytometry.Results: HIV infection was a risk factor for malaria infection(OR: 16.31; 95% CI: 7.41-35.87; p < 0.0001). CD4+T cell counts was equally a signifi cant risk factor in malaria infection among HIVinfected patients (OR: 1.96; 95% CI: 1.28-3.02; p = 0.002). The prevalence of anaemia was signifi cantly affected by HIV-infection (OR: 25.12; 95% CI: 11.42-55.28; p < 0.0001) while age was not associated with increased risk of malaria infection (p=0.13).Conclusions: A prevalence of 46.0% of malaria infection among HIV-infected was observed. HIV-infected patients were more likely to develop malaria and anaemia, while CD4+T cell counts < 200cells/μL was associated with an increased risk of malaria infection among HIV-infected. Age and gender did not affect the prevalence of malaria. HIV status should be considered early in the diagnostic evaluation of patients with suspected malaria and anaemia.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: HIV, malaria, anaemia, Nigeria
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Hannah Akinwumi
Date Deposited: 15 May 2018 08:11
Last Modified: 15 May 2018 08:11
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/10801

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