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Prevalence of Otitis Media in Okada Community, Edo State, Nigeria

Egbe, Christopher and Mordi, Raphael C. and Omoregie, Richard and Enabulele, Onaiwu (2010) Prevalence of Otitis Media in Okada Community, Edo State, Nigeria. Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences, 3 (3). pp. 299-302.

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Aim. To determine the prevalence of otitis media in Okada, a rural community in Nigeria, and the effect of age and gender on its prevalence as well as susceptibility profile of the bacterial agents in the community.Material and Methods. Ear discharge from 500 (240 males and 260 females) patients with signs and symptoms of otitis media were processed to recover bacterial agents. Susceptibility test was performed on all bacterial isolates. Results. Male gender was a significant (P = 0.011) risk factor for acquiring otitis media (male Vs female; 36.25% Vs 25.38%. OR = 1.671 95 CI = 1.139, 2.454). Age significantly (P < 0.0001) affected the prevalence of otitis media with children within the age range of 0 – 5years having the highest prevalence of 78.41%. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was the predominant bacteria isolate causing otitis media generally and in both gender. All bacterial isolates showed were poorly susceptible to the antibacterial agents used as less than 50 percent of any bacteria genera were susceptible to any antibacterial agent.Conclusion. An overall prevalence of 30.6% of bacteriologically proven otitis media was observed in this study. The prevalence were higher in males and in children 5 years and younger. Following the high level resistance observed, rational use of antibacterial agents is advocated.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Otitis media; Prevalence; Rural community; Okada; Nigeria
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Hannah Akinwumi
Date Deposited: 15 May 2018 09:13
Last Modified: 15 May 2018 09:13

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