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Municipal wastewater management using Vetiveria zizanioides planted in vertical flow constructed wetland

Badejo, A.A and Omole, D. O. and Ndambuki, J.M. (2018) Municipal wastewater management using Vetiveria zizanioides planted in vertical flow constructed wetland. Applied Water Science, 8 (110). pp. 1-6. ISSN 2190-5495

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Abstract

This study investigated wastewater management using Vetiveria zizanioides planted in vertical flow constructed wetland (VFCW). Wastewater from the grit removal chamber and the primary sedimentation tank of Daspoort Wastewater Treatment Works was fed into six-pilot VFCW consisting of 1000-L plastic tanks having 500-mm-deep, 10–15-mm-diameter granite substrate planted with V. zizanioides. Irrigation of macrophytes using effluent from the grit removal chamber and primary sedimentation tanks was done after 3 months of planting and the VFCW monitored. Wastewater samples were collected and analysed using standard procedures. The pollution parameters of the initial sample were total alkalinity 297 ± 27.3 mg/L; COD 627 ± 149.0 mg/L; EC 82.53 ± 5.4 ms/m; free and saline ammonia 36.02 ± 4.1 mg/L, nitrate/nitrite 0.09 ± 0.1 mg/L; pH 7.66 ± 0.4; phosphate 3.07 ± 0.3 mg/L, sulphate 44.57 ± 3.1 mg/L; TDS 551 ± 37.8; TSS 319 ± 34.2 mg/L; and TKN 41 ± 6 mg/L. Percentage removal of 89.57, 98.34% TSS; 98.95, 98.62 free and saline ammonia; 89.87, 91.44% TKN; and 80.65, 58.02% COD for screen and settled wastewater, respectively, was obtained from the VFCW. VFCW using locally available V. zizanioides is a viable alternative for municipal wastewater treatment.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Vertical flow constructed wetland, Vetiveria zizanioides, Municipal wastewater
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Civil Engineering and the Environment
Depositing User: Dr D.O. OMOLE
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2018 11:23
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2018 11:23
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/11093

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