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The use of geological-based geophysical surveys for groundwater distribution in crystalline basement terrain, SW Nigeria

Oyeyemi , Kehinde D. and Aizebeokhai, A. P. and Sanuade, O. A. and Ndambuki, J.M. and Olofinnade, O. M. and Olaojo, A. A. and Adagunodo, T. A. (2018) The use of geological-based geophysical surveys for groundwater distribution in crystalline basement terrain, SW Nigeria. In: 2nd International Conference on Science and Sustainable Development.

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This research involves the subsurface geological characterization for groundwater potential assessment within the campus of the Polytechnic of Ibadan, southwestern Nigeria. The study is directed towards groundwater resources exploration, development and management in the campus. Five 2D resistivity imaging traverses were conducted using Wenner array in addition to five VES surveys using Schlumberger array that provide layering information and geoelectrical parameters. Three geologic layers delineated from the 2D resistivity inversion models include predominantly clayey sand/ sandy clay top soil (overburden), partly weathered or fractured basement and fresh basement. Their inverse model resistivity values ranges 6.68 – 98.6m , 68.0 – 929 m and  2252 m with bottom depths ranges 3.8 – 6.4 m and 6.4 – 10 m respectively. 1D model inversion from VES results also delineate three lithologies classifying both topsoil and some part of the partly weathered basement as overburden with resistivity and thickness range 483 – 1746.9 m , 1.1 – 1.8 m; partly weathered or fractured basement 60.3 – 93.5 m , 8.4 -12.9 m and fresh basement 984.6 – 2078.9 m . The saturated portion of the partly weathered or fractured basement at depth will favour groundwater exploration and development in this area, while the relatively shallow overburden thickness would serve as the protective layer and recharge for the fractures

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Geoelectrical resistivity, Basement terrain, Groundwater exploration, Subsurface characterization, Basement aquifer
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Physics
Depositing User: Mrs Hannah Akinwumi
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2018 09:25
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2018 09:25

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