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Toward N-nitrosamines free water: Formation, prevention, and removal

Alaba, Peter Adeniyi and Sani, Yahaya Muhammad and Olupinla, Sunday Felix and Daud, Wan Mohd Wan and Mohammed, Isah Yakub and Enweremadu, Christopher C. and Ayodele, Olubunmi O. (2017) Toward N-nitrosamines free water: Formation, prevention, and removal. CRITICAL REVIEWS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 47 (24). pp. 2448-2489.

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This study elucidates the recent trends in the formation, prevention, and removal of N-nitrosamines such as Nnitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) from wastewater or drinking water. Reports are rife on the occurrence of NDMA in areas such as amine degradation during postcombustion CO2 capture (PCC), chlorinated/chloraminated and ozonated drinking water, smoked or cooked foods personal care, tobacco and pharmaceutical products. The major routes responsible for the formation of NDMA in portable waters include chlorination/ chloramination and ozonation. The major NDMA precursors are secondary, tertiary, and quaternary amines such as dimethylamine, diethanolamine, and triethanolamine. Due to the environmental and public health concerns posed by this contaminant, a proactive approach is necessary towards suppressing their occurrence, as well as their removal. Consequently, this study critically reviewed the formation, prevention, and removal of N-nitrosamines. The study discussed NDMA prevention techniques, such as physical adsorption, preoxidation, and biological activated carbon. The removal techniques discussed here include physicochemical (such as combined adsorption and microwave irradiation and UV photolysis), bioremediation, catalytic reduction, and dope technology. Irrespective of the effectiveness and seemingly economic viability of some of these technologies, preventing the occurrence of NDMA right from the outset is more potent because the treatments consume more energy.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chloramination, Nnitrosamine removal; NDMA; wastewater treatment
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Patricia Nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 22 Aug 2018 11:02
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2018 11:02

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