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Trends, Determinants and Health Risks of Adolescent Fatherhood in Sub-Saharan Africa

Amoo, Emmanuel O. and Igbinoba, Angie Osarieme and Imhonopi, , David and Banjo, Olufunmilayo. O and Ajaero, Chukwuedozie K. and Akinyemi, Joshua O. and Igbokwe , D. O (2018) Trends, Determinants and Health Risks of Adolescent Fatherhood in Sub-Saharan Africa. Ethiopian Journal of Health Science, 28 (4). pp. 433-442.

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BACKGROUND: This study examined the trends, determinants and health risks of adolescent fatherhood in three selected African countries where adolescent-girl pregnancy/motherhood are decried but with permissive male sexual latitude. METHODS: Adolescent male data were extracted from the malerecode datasets of Demographic Health Survey (2000-2014) for Nigeria, Ethiopia and Zambia. The surveys were grouped into 3- Waves: (2000-2004); (2005-2008) and (2011-2014). The study employed descriptive and binary logistics that tested the log-odds of adolescent fatherhood with respect to selected sexual behaviour indices, and individual and shared demographic variables. RESULTS: The results revealed that the number of lifetimesexual-partners among the boys is ≥2. The likelihood of adolescent fatherhood is positively associated with increasing age at first cohabitation and multiple sexual partnerships (≥2) having OR=1.673 and OR=1.769 in 2005/2008 and 2011/2014 respectively. Adolescents who had attained tertiary education, and engaged in professional and skilled jobs were 0.313, 0.213 and 0.403 times (respectively) less likely to have ever-fathered a child. The positive association between rural place of residence and adolescent fatherhood in the past shifted to urban residents in 2011/2014. CONCLUSION: The study concludes that early sexual activities and cohabitation are common among male adolescents among the countries of study. The authors recommend discouragement of boy-girl cohabitation, increasing access to higher education and job opportunities in order to stem boy-fatherhood incidence in the study locations and, by extension, other countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Emmanuel O. Amoo , Angie Igbinoba2 , David Imhonopi3 , Olufunmilayo O. Banjo4 , Chukwuedozie K. Ajaero5 , Joshua O. Akinyemi6 , David Igbokwe7 , Lukman B. Solanke4

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adolescent fatherhood, sexual behaviour, trends, determinants, health risks, lifetime-sexual-partner
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Mrs. Julie Ilogho
Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2018 17:06
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2018 12:55

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