University Links: Home Page | Site Map
Covenant University Repository

Effects of Naringin on Apoptosis and Oxidative Stress in Type 2 Diabetic Rats

Adelani, Isaacson and Bankole, Esther and Rotimi, Oluwakemi A and Rotimi, S. O (2018) Effects of Naringin on Apoptosis and Oxidative Stress in Type 2 Diabetic Rats. In: International Conference on Applied Sciences.

[img] PDF
Download (417Kb)


Oxidative stress and apoptosis have been reported to play major roles in the pathogenesis of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) through insulin resistance and β-cell dysfunction. Naringin is a citrus derived flavonoid that has been reported for its antioxidant properties. Even though effects of naringin in T2DM related oxidative stress has been reported, varying dose concentration in oxidative stress and mechanism of action involving T2DM related apoptosis is far-fetched. This research studied the effects of naringin at varying dose concentration on apoptosis, biomarkers of organ function and oxidative stress in high fat diet/low-streptozotocin-induced T2DM in albino Wistar rats. Diabetic rats were treated with naringin at 50mg/kg, 100mg/kg and 200mg/kg body weight for 21 days. Some biomarkers of organ function and oxidative stress in the animals were assayed using spectrophotometric techniques. The levels of expression of caspases and apoptotic regulators were quantified using semi-quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT PCR). Enzyme - linked immunosorbent assay was used to determine inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) level. Naringin treatment shows a dose dependent significant (p<0.05) reduction in the plasma concentration of γ- glutamyltransferase, alkaline phosphatase and aspartate aminotransferase. Increasing dosage of Naringin significantly (p<0.05) reduced lipid peroxidation, glutathione- s-transferase, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase activities in the liver. Naringin treatment also showed a significant (p<0.05) increase in the expression of caspase 3 and reduction in BCL-2 as against the diabetic control. In addition, there was dose dependent decrease in plasma CO2 concentration and increase in the plasma iNOS concentration as compared to the diabetic control. This result highlights positive effect of naringin as an antioxidant, its role in apoptosis and also reverting the effects of organ damage in type 2 diabetes.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Hannah Akinwumi
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2018 11:39
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2018 11:39

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item