University Links: Home Page | Site Map
Covenant University Repository

The Study of the Impact of Nano Carbon Additives on Astm A53 Mild Steel During Machining

Afolalu, Sunday A. and Oluwaseyifunmi, Orenuga and Ongbali, Samson O. and Abioye, Abiodun A. and Okokpujie, Imhade P. and Olamilekan, Oloyede R (2018) The Study of the Impact of Nano Carbon Additives on Astm A53 Mild Steel During Machining. In: IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering.

[img] PDF
Download (490Kb)


In the world today, most of the treated steels were done using chemicals which in turn degrades rapidly. This study developed treated metal from ASTM A53 mild steel using pulverized palm kernel shell as carburizer and egg shell as energizer due to their high carbon and calcium carbonate content. Samples of hundred (100) pieces of ASTM A53 mild steel with dimensional size of 100 x 30 mm each were used. The elemental composition of the sample was checked using UV-VIZ spectrometric machine. Four sets of steel boxes were fabricated in the dimensions of 200 x 50 x 200 mm with two faces detachable and small extension for carrying the boxes at high temperature. Prepared samples buried in pulverized carburizer and energizer at a mixed percentage ratio of 80 to 20 were put together in a muffle furnace (2,500oC max) for case hardening at different holding temperature and time of (HT- 60, 90, 120 and 180 minutes) and (CT- 950, 1000, 1050, 1100OC). This procedure was repeated severally with varying holding time and temperatures. The initial experiment started from 950oC and rose up to1100oC. The hardness for surface, interface and core were taken using hardness tester. Surface hardness of 139.4 HV at holding temperature 980oC and time 180 minutes gave best increase of 43% over the control of 79.7 HV while hardness at interface and core were 146 HV and 147 HV with percentages increase of 9 and 15.3 was achieved. The findings in this study also confirmed that waste materials with some element of carbon can be used to replace foreign chemicals intended for the same purpose.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: carburization; ASTM A53 Steel; Carbon additives; palm kernel shell; eggshell.Hardness
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Hannah Akinwumi
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2018 10:27
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2018 10:27

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item