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Investigation of Balling Characteristics of Mixture of Iron Oxide Bearing Wastes and Iron Ore Concentrates

Udo, Mfon .O and Esezobor, D. E. and Afolalu, Sunday A. and Onovo, Harrison and Ongbali, Samson O. and Okokpujie, Imhade P. (2018) Investigation of Balling Characteristics of Mixture of Iron Oxide Bearing Wastes and Iron Ore Concentrates. In: IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering.

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Iron oxide bearing wastes in form of dust and sludges are hard to handle because of their micron size particles and moisture content in case of sludge. More often they are stockpiled in large quantities that can occupy large area of real and agricultural estates and cause pollution. Balling or palettization, an agglomeration process was used to process the wastes in order to address the problem of micron size particles and to make them fit for recycling back into metallic iron production route like blast furnace. Balling or green pelletization is the process of forming nearly spherical shaped granules by tumbling moistened particulates with or without binders in balling drums or discs disc. For a pellet to be effective either for being transported or for being recycled in blast furnace to produce metallic iron without disintegrating to dust its balling characteristics should measure up to required standard. Most outstanding of those balling characteristics include Drop Number, Green or Wet Compression Strength, Dry Compression Strength, Abrasion and Tumbler Indices. In this work iron oxide bearing wastes was mixed with iron ore concentrates in various proportions. These mixes were taken through balling or wet pelletization process using Radicon Balling Disc. The balls formed balls were taken through Drop number tests adopting the Free Fall method, where balls are made to fall freely from a height of 50 mm on steel surface, Green compression and Dry compression tests using a 5 kN Universal Testing Machine (INSTRON Corp., model 1011 UK) System while Abrasion and Tumbler indices tests were conducted using Tumbler Index cylinder or drum and adopting ASTM method. It was found that Drop number as high as 7.8 times, Green compression strength and Dry compression strength up to 11.7 N/pellet and 25.99 N/pellet respectively were attained by some of the pellets. The Tumbler and Abrasion indices recorded were up to above 95% and 5% respectively. These values are higher than the minimum recommended

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Iron oxide bearing wastes, Balling, Balling characteristics
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Hannah Akinwumi
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2018 10:42
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2018 10:42

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