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An Automated Combined Microwave and Electric-Element Fish Dryer

Boyo, H.O. and Boyo, A. O. and Osibona, A. and Ishola, Felix (2013) An Automated Combined Microwave and Electric-Element Fish Dryer. International Journal of Computational Engineering Research, 3 (6). pp. 38-41.

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This work provides an improvement in the efficiency and economics of the drying process by combining an electric hot air flow and microwave drying unit. It is intended to improve the nutritional qualities for the dried fish market and its shelf life. We fabricated a drying Kiln having combined 1.6KW twin microwave gun and 4KW quad electric element, volume 897,000cm3 and wet fish cargo capacity up to 80Kg. The characteristics of electric drying (ED) and combined microwave-electric drying (MED) of Clarias Gariepinus tissues were studied experimentally. Results show that the moisture ratio decreases with an increase in microwave drying time when microwave power is fixed. The drying rate is fast initially and then falls slowly. Finally, the curve of MED was steeper than that of ED alone during the initial drying period. The data of the percentage of water and volatile oil loss by drying with respect to time follows a logarithmic relationship. The taste panels evaluations and sample results of organoleptic assessment of the dried Clarias Gariepinus was found to range from excellent quality for appearance, taste and odour, good quality for fragmentation and texture. The addition of microwave to the electric heater has saved about 28 hours in drying time and reduced the product cost by energy consumption to 38%. In conclusion this method provides rapid dehydration (shorter drying time), improved product quality and flexibility in drying a wide variety of products

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Microwave Electric Drying, Internal Moisture, Nutritional Qualities
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Patricia Nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2018 10:56
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2018 10:56

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