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Mechanical Properties of Dehydroxylated Kaolinitic Clay in Self-Compacting Concrete for Pavement Construction

Busari, Ayobami and Akinmusuru, J. O. and Dahunsi, Bamidele (2018) Mechanical Properties of Dehydroxylated Kaolinitic Clay in Self-Compacting Concrete for Pavement Construction. Silicon. ISSN 1876-990X

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The high increase in the cost of cement has led to a reduction in concrete production in most developing and under-developed countries. Therefore, the need for a sustainable and cost-effective substitute for cement is necessary. This research focused on the application of dehydroxylated kaolinitic clay in the production of self-compacting concrete for pavement construction. The elemental and oxide composition of the cementitious material (cement and metakaolin) was assessed using atomic absorption spectrometry and a scanning electron microscope was used to determine the particle geometry. Six mixtures of SCC with 0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, 20% and 25% metakaolin replacement were incorporated into this concrete mix. The passing ability,segregation ability and the flowing ability of the fresh concrete were assessed. The strength properties of the various mixtures (compressive and flexural) of the samples were also assessed at 3, 7, 14, and 28 days. The rheological properties showed that the addition of dehydroxylated kaolinitic clay higher than 10% showed poor rheology. However, percentages greater than 15% gave a reduction in compressive strength and flexural strength. In a bid to encourage sustainability in road construction and adopt the use of eco-friendly material, metakaolin is a viable material.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pavement · Self-compacting concrete · Metakaolin · Mechanical strength · Rheology
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Civil Engineering and the Environment
Depositing User: Mrs Patricia Nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 01 Nov 2018 10:31
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2018 10:31

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