University Links: Home Page | Site Map
Covenant University Repository

GSM/GPS Assisted Road and Traffic Congestion Detection System

Idachaba, F.E. and Ibhaze, Augustus E. (2016) GSM/GPS Assisted Road and Traffic Congestion Detection System. International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, 11 (24). pp. 11610-11613. ISSN 0973-4562

[img] PDF
Download (226Kb)


A huge amount of valuable man-hours are lost due to the time spent in traffic in most urban areas. This time is usually spent in commute from the residential areas to the business areas and back at the end of the business day. Governments have deployed several techniques to minimize this loss of valueable time with little or no clear impact on the amount of time lost. Some of these include the deployment of rail lines which is a high capital and time intensive approach to the use of dedicated lanes for high capacity commuter transport. All these efforts are aimed at reducing the number of individual passenger’s cars available on the roads. Another approach deployed by governments include the opening up of alternative routes. All these strategies have yielded some measure of success but the time lost during commute is still on the increase. The fact that the trains cannot access all the offices of all the commuters and the convenience of having personal transport will continue to cause more persons to both acquire vehicles and drive them to work. The creation of alternative routes has a capacity to minimize the traffic gridlock but road obstructions caused by incidences on the roads is a major contributor to the development of gridlocks on these roads. There is currently no automated system for providing road users with the real-time status of the roads before they embark on their trips. This work presents the development of a system which utilizes GPS and the GSM system to provide road users with the status of the roads so they can plan their trips using the alternative routes. The Vehicle units utilize specialized speed sensors to detect the speed. When the speed falls below a preset threshold, the system sends its location to the controller. The controller collates the transmission from all the vehicle units with speeds below the threshold and if a preset number of cars have slow speeds in a contiguous or the same GPS location, it is interpreted as a grid lock and the status of that route is sent to all registered user located in nearby cells. This system will reduce time spent in traffic gridlock by providing early warning messages to other road users before they embark on their trips thus enabling them to take alternative routes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Traffic Congestion, GPS, GSM, Realtime Monitoring, Route identification
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Electronics and Computer Science
Depositing User: Mrs Patricia Nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2018 13:36
Last Modified: 13 Nov 2018 13:36

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item