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Development of a Real Time Road Accident Location and Emergency Alert System

Idachaba, F.E. and Ibhaze, Augustus E. (2016) Development of a Real Time Road Accident Location and Emergency Alert System. International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, 11 (23). pp. 11110-11113. ISSN 0973-4562

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The fatality rate as a result of road accidents will be greatly reduced if the relevant response agencies are alerted as soon as these accidents occur and also given the location of these accidents. Interstate trips often include several hours of continuous driving on long and lonely roads and often times, accidents are only responded to by other road users who are not equipped to provide the required emergency assistance. This is further compounded by trips undertaken during the night as the number of other road users is much fewer and the chances of any other road user stopping to offer assistance to the accident victims is almost nonexistent. This work presents the design and development of a system to be installed in the car for generating automatic alerts in the event of a road accident. The system is designed to automatically transmit the GPS location of the vehicle to the controller station in the event of an accident. The controller collates this information and transfers the location, date, the phone number and other details of the registered uses to the emergency response teams. To facilitate a rapid response, the city is grouped into cells with dedicated emergency response teams and trauma hospitals for each cell. The controller sends the accident alerts to the emergency response teams and the trauma hospitals covering that area. In the event that the ambulance is unavailable, the ambulance of the nearest cell receives the message and moves to locate the accident victims. This system provides an opportunity to minimize the fatalities of road transport accidents due to the late deployment of emergency response teams and lack of information on the accident location.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Road Traffic Accidents, GPS, GSM, Emergency Response
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Electronics and Computer Science
Depositing User: Mrs Patricia Nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2018 08:27
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2018 08:27

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