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Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Health Outcomes in Nigeria: Empirical Insight from ARDL Technique

Matthew, Oluwatoyin and Osabohien, Romanus and Fasina, Fagbeminiyi and Fasina, Afolake (2018) Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Health Outcomes in Nigeria: Empirical Insight from ARDL Technique. International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 8 (3). pp. 43-50. ISSN 2146-4553

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Abstract

This study examines the long-run effect of emissions of greenhouse gas (GHG) on health outcomes in Nigeria using time series data from 1985 to 2016 engaging the auto-regressive distribution lag (ARDL) econometric approach to cointegration and it was observed that human activities increase GHG to the atmosphere, this is through combustion of fossil fuels and CO2 , these are two major sources of GHG emissions (GHGE). When the quantity of carbon dioxide increases in the air, more heat is stored in the atmosphere; and this comes upon human beings thereby causing a great harmful effect to human health. The result from ARDL econometric approach to cointegration shows that 1% increase in GHGE reduces life expectancy by 0.0422% which is used as a proxy for health outcome, if this happens, invariably, mortality rate will be 146.6%. Therefore, the major strategy among others recommended in this study for controlling gaseous emissions and increase life expectancy is public health expenditure as the results also shows that 1% increase in government health care expenditure increases life expectancy approximately by 18.10%.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Greenhouse Gas Emissions, CO2 , Health Outcomes, Auto-regressive Distribution Lag
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Law, Arts and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs. Julie Ilogho
Date Deposited: 30 Dec 2018 22:12
Last Modified: 30 Dec 2018 22:12
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/12238

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