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The Design of an Integrated Crude Oil Distillation Column with Submerged Combustion Technology

Mamudu, Angela Onose and Okonkwo, Ebenezer and Okocha, Stephen I. and Okoro, Emeka Emmanuel and Elehinafe, Francis and Igwilo, K. C. (2019) The Design of an Integrated Crude Oil Distillation Column with Submerged Combustion Technology. The Open Chemical Engineering Journal, 13. pp. 7-22.

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Generally, Petroleum refineries are put in place to convert or refine unprocessed crude oil into more useful products using both physical separation and chemical conversion processes. Albeit, different refining unit are subsets of the physical separation category. The atmospheric and vacuum distillation unit seems to be more prominent. Conventionally, the crude atmospheric residue cannot be further heated in an atmospheric condition due to: coke formation, pipes plugging, thermal cracking and straining of the furnace. A vacuum distillation column is therefore required. Methods: This study, therefore, focuses on the limitations, “over straining of the furnace to provide the necessary heat” and “non-reliance on the additional re-boiler since it only acts as a heat exchanger”. An integrated distillation column with a capacity of 10,000 barrel per day was therefore designed for the concurrent production of all distillate cuts. Results: This was achieved through the introduction of a submerged combustion zone at the stripping section of the column where Naphtha was utilized as the source of fuel. Verification of this approach was also conducted using Autodesk invention software and a finite element analysis tool to evaluate both thermal and computational fluid analysis impact. Overall, all derived distilled products met the American Society for Testing and Material Standard Table 6.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Combustion, Crude oil, Design, Distillation, Submerged, Petroleum refineries.
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Patricia Nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2019 08:11
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2019 08:11

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