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Nature of Graphene, Its Chemical Structure, Composites, Synthesis, Properties, and Applications

Sanni, Samuel Eshorame and Agboola, O.O. and Sadiku, Rotimi Emmanuel and Emetere, Moses (2019) Nature of Graphene, Its Chemical Structure, Composites, Synthesis, Properties, and Applications. In: Handbook of Graphene. WILEY.

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In recent times, graphene, a super-carbon-based nanomaterial, has spurned research interests because it is the most important of the list of available carbon nanomaterials, has distinct properties, has significant impact in human lives, is biodegradable, and finds application in various disciplines, including physics, chemistry, engineering, biomedicine, biotechnology, etc. It is a two-dimensional monolayer material characterized by sp2 hybridized carbon atoms arranged in a honeycomb lattice/hexagonal array. Its usefulness or functionality is enhanced by the ease with which it undergoes chemical modification to suit a particular application. The new technology behind the synthesis of graphene and its derivatives is benign (green), which complements its wide use. For future applications, its prospective use requires detailed understanding of the technology behind its formation. Its kinetics, anticorrosion properties and photoluminescence mechanism, and how they compare favorably with those of carbon and polymer nanodots (nanoparticles) are also currently being experimented. There are enormous justifications why graphene has gained alarming interest in the fields of science and engineering and some of them include its outstanding carrier mobility, transconductivity, ultimate thickness, and stability. In this chapter, the following subsections shall focus on the nature, chemical structure, properties, synthesis, and applications of graphene and its composites.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anticorrosion properties, chemical modification, graphene, nanocomposites, transconductivity
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Civil Engineering and the Environment
Depositing User: Mrs Hannah Akinwumi
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2019 09:39
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2019 09:39

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