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Impact of Rain on Earth-Space Communication Link in West-Africa

Ometan, Oluwafunmilayo O. and Omotosho, T. V. and Akinwumi, S. A. and Boyo, A. O. (2018) Impact of Rain on Earth-Space Communication Link in West-Africa. In: 7th International Advance Computing Conference, 2018.

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The impairment of radio signal at Ku band and above by rain is a key factor in satellite communication and radar remote sensing modelling. The major effect of rain on electromagnetic signals is by absorption and scattering. This effect is noticed both on the uplink and downlink at 0.01 % unavailability in an average year. The data bank used for the computation of the rain attenuation for a link to Nigeria Communication satellite (NigComsat II) for selected locations in West Africa was obtained from the International Telecommunication Union Radio Propagation Recommendation [10]. The input parameters obtained from ITU-R study group 3 data base were used in this study. The various results of the rain attenuation values at C, Ku, Ka, and V bands were presented on contour map. The results reveal lowest value is at C-band which gradually increases at Ku and Ka bands while the highest values of total attenuation are experienced at V-band for all the locations. Both uplink and downlink results at V-bands show constantly that total attenuation is more severe in countries like Togo, Liberia, Ghana, Benin, Ivory Coast, and Nigeria. It should be noted that all these countries are in the tropical region of West Africa where rain accumulation and rain rate is very high.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Physics
Depositing User: Mrs Patricia Nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2019 15:50
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2019 15:50

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