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Determination of selected heavy metal and analysis of proximate composition in some fish species from Ogun River, Southwestern Nigeria

Ayanda, Opeyemi Isaac and Ekhator, Ukinebo Imuentiyan and Bello, Oluwakemi A. (2019) Determination of selected heavy metal and analysis of proximate composition in some fish species from Ogun River, Southwestern Nigeria. Heliyon.

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Abstract

The aquatic environment is continuously at the mercy of man's negative impact on it. This study was designed to determine the proximate composition and concentration of some heavy metals in four fish species - Oreochromis niloticus, Malapterurus electricus, Parachanna obscura, Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus in Ogun River, Nigeria. The fish species were collected from the Abeokuta axis of the river and analyzed for Manganese (Mn), Lead (Pb), Nickel (Ni), Cadmium (Cd) and Zinc (Zn) using atomic absorption spectrometry. The moisture, crude protein, ash and fat content of the four fish species were analyzed using standard methods. The results showed varying levels of accumulation of the metals among the four fish species. Pb was detected only in Oreochromis niloticus while Mn was detected only in Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus. Except in a few cases, Pb and Ni in muscles of Oreochromis niloticus and Parachanna obscura respectively, the liver and gills accumulated more metals than the muscles. The concentrations of the metals in all cases were beyond regulatory limits by International Standards. All the fishes had high moisture content between 75 and 80 %, while fat was the lowest nutrient (0.88–1.89 %) in all fish species. The differences in proximate values were not significant among fish species. The findings in this study may be a reflection of the pollution status of the Ogun River with heavy metals while also portraying the risk associated with the consumption of fish from the river.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Environmental science Pollution Fat content Crude protein Ash content Moisture content
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Patricia Nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2019 12:56
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2019 12:56
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/13019

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