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The use of Waste Duck Eggshells for Sustainable Energy Production

Ayoola, A. A. and Adeyemi, G. and Raji, O. and Babalola, A (2021) The use of Waste Duck Eggshells for Sustainable Energy Production. In: 4th International Conference on Science and Sustainable Development, 2021, Online.

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Abstract

In this study, waste duck eggshells were processed into high grade CaOheterogenous catalyst for the esterification-transesterification of palm kernel oil (PKO) to obtain biodiesel. The production processes involved are calcination of duck eggshells into CaO, XRD and XRF analysis of CaO produced, PKO fatty acid components determination, transesterification of the esterified PKO and the formulation of a suitable model. High biodiesel yield of 84% was obtained at catalyst concentration of 9 wt./wt. %, reaction time of 2 hours and methanol/oil mole ratio of 13, using CaO catalyst (derived from duck eggshell). The good quality of biodiesel produced was ascertained by its properties that fall within ASTM specifications (kinematic viscosity of 4.1 mm2/s, flash point of 1950C, density of 869kg/m3, water content of 0.045 v/v %).

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodiesel, calcination, CaO, catalyst, duck eggshell, transesterification
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Patricia Nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2021 15:53
Last Modified: 30 Mar 2021 15:53
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/13945

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