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Microbial‑derived bio‑surfactant using neem oil as substrate and its suitability for enhanced oil recovery

Ogunkunle, Temitope and Fadairo, A. S. A. and Rasouli, Vamegh and Ling, Kegang and Oladepo, Adebowale and Chukwuma, Onyinyechi and Ayoo, James (2021) Microbial‑derived bio‑surfactant using neem oil as substrate and its suitability for enhanced oil recovery. Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology, 11. pp. 627-638. ISSN 2190-0558

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The limitation in the formulation and application of synthetic surfactants in petroleum industry is owing to their high cost of production or importation and their associated toxic effect which have been proven to be harmful to the environment. Hence it is vitally imperative to develop an optimum surfactant that is cost-effective, environmentally safe (biodegradable) and equally serves as surface acting agent. This study discusses the production of microbial produced bio-surfactant and its application in enhanced oil recovery. The bacteria Pseudomonas sp. were isolated from urine and allow to feed on neem seed oil as the major carbon source and energy. The crude bio-surfactant produced from the fermentation process was used to prepare three (3) solutions of bio-surfactants at different concentrations of 5 g/500 mL, 10 g/500 mL and 15 g/500 mL, and their suitability for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) was evaluated. Reservoir core samples and crude oil collected from the Niger Delta field were used to evaluate the EOR application of the microbial-derived surfactants. The sets of experimental samples were carried out using core flooding and permeability tester equipment, and the results obtained were compared with conventional waterflooding experiments. The three bio-surfactant concentrations were observed to recover more oil than the conventional waterflooding method for the two core samples used. Optimum performance of the produced microbialderived surfactant on oil recovery based on the concentrations was observed to be 10 g/500 mL for the two samples used in this study. Therefore, eco-friendly bio-surfactant produced from neem seed oil using Pseudomonas sp. has shown to be a promising potential substance for enhanced oil recovery applications by incremental recoveries of 51.9%, 53.2%, and 29.5% at the concentration of 5, 10, and 15 g/500 mL and 24.7%, 28.7%, and 20.1% at concentration of 5, 10, and 15 g/500 mL for the two core samples, respectively.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Microbial derived bio-surfactant · Neem oil · Enhanced oil recovery · Pseudomonas sp. · Bio-degradable
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Patricia Nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2021 14:49
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2021 14:49

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