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Overview of the human genome

Oyelade, O. J. and Isewon, Itunuoluwa and Ogunlana, Olubanke Olujoke and Aworunse, Oluwadurotimi and Oyesola, Olusola and Aromolaran, Olufemi and Dokumu, Titilope and Ademuwagun, Ibitayo Abigail and Iheagwam, Franklyn N and Babatunde, Eunice and Dania, Omoremime and Obembe, Olawole O. (2020) Overview of the human genome. In: Genome Plasticity in Health and Disease. Elsevier, pp. 9-26.

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The human genome is composed of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) organized into 23 pairs of chromosomes in the nucleus of human cells, as well as the small DNA found inside individual mitochondria. Complete sequencing of the 3 billion base pairs that make up the human genome has made available a deluge of information that has enhanced our understanding of evolution, physiology, causality of disease, and association between heredity and environment in humans. This chapter discusses discoveries in genetics that spawned the field of human genomics. It further highlights the role of human genome in disease susceptibility, as well as its prospects for the future of healthcare.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Franklyn N IHEAGWAM
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2021 10:39
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2024 15:37

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