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Corrosion Polarization Behaviour of Type 316 Stainless Steel in Strong Acids and Acid Chlorides

Loto, C. A. and Popoola, A. P. I. and Fayomi, O. S. I and Loto, R. T. (2012) Corrosion Polarization Behaviour of Type 316 Stainless Steel in Strong Acids and Acid Chlorides. International Journal of Electrochemical Science, 7. pp. 3787-3797. ISSN 10748 - 10762

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The corrosion resistance and/or susceptibility of Type 316 austenitic stainless steel was separately performed at ambient temperature in different concentrations (the intermediate and the concentrated) of sulphuric acid, H2SO4, and phosphoric acid, H3PO4. Similar tests were also performed by the addition of 2% (20g/l) sodium chloride, NaCl, to each of the specified acid concentrations to form their acid chlorides. Potentiostatic polarization method was used for the corrosion investigation. The electrochemical corrosion reactions exhibited both the passive and active corrosion reactions characteristics. The acids at the intermediate concentrations show more obvious active corrosion reactions; while in the concentrated form they were relatively passive – the passivity that was associated with the oxidizing nature of the concentrated acids. The addition of 2% NaCl to each of the test medium concentration gave increased active corrosion reactions that could be due to the test electrodes’ surface protective film rupture by anodic dissolution. In all the tests, however, the magnitude of corrosion could be considered to be low

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: Mr Solomon Bayoko
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2013 19:17
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2017 10:39

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