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Building Security through Insecurity: The Nigerian Military and Counter- Violence Campaigns in the Fourth Republic

Joshua, Segun and Gberevbie, D.E. and Onor, Kester (2020) Building Security through Insecurity: The Nigerian Military and Counter- Violence Campaigns in the Fourth Republic. Armed Forces & Society, 47 (1). pp. 177-200.

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Since independence on October 1, 1960, Nigeria has been a victim, at one time or the other, of intra-ethnic, inter-ethnic, religious, and communal conflicts which have undermined the human security of her citizens. Nigeria’s corporate existence had also been threatened by 3 years (1967–1970) civil war which impacted negatively on the well-being of its people. In addition, the inability of the Nigerian Police to cope with the magnitude of the surge of violence in recent years has brought about the idea of involving the military, a core component of traditional security apparatus to deal with internal insecurity. This article is anchored on human security paradigm with reliance on secondary data to analyze the operations of the Nigerian Military in counterviolence campaigns between 1999 and 2017. This article points out that the involvement of the military in internal security has worsened the problem of insecurity due to the military’s unprofessional approach and, at times, deliberate targeting the civilian populace which it is supposed to protect. It, therefore, recommends among others, the need for the Federal Government of Nigeria to urgently review the role of the armed forces in addressing internal security situations in a way that will bring about respect for the rule of engagement in internal security operations and adherence to global best practices.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: counterviolence campaign, insecurity, military, security-building, Nigeria
Subjects: J Political Science > JC Political theory
Divisions: Faculty of Law, Arts and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Patricia Nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2021 11:25
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2021 11:25

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