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Environment Quality in Nigeria: Implications for Poverty Reduction

Owolabi, Oluwarotimi Ayokunnu and Aderounmu, Busayo and Ogunbiyi, Ajibola T (2019) Environment Quality in Nigeria: Implications for Poverty Reduction. In: 3rd International Conference on Science and Sustainable Development.

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Poverty in Nigeria is at extremely high levels and represents one of the many economic hardships faced by the Nigeria population. One of the factors potentially contributing to present high poverty levels is poor environment quality which is prevalent in Nigeria and which may result in increased poverty levels as efforts are undertaken to address adverse environment quality. This paper explored the effect of environment quality on poverty reduction in Nigeria using data from the World Bank World Development indicators over the period of 1990 to 2015. The study employed Augmented Dickey Fuller unit root test, and Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) estimation in analyzing data and the findings of the study revealed that improved environment quality as measured by improved access to sanitation and access to electricity positively and significantly increase poverty level in Nigeria, possibly on account of the increased financial and social costs of gaining access to sanitation and electricity. It is recommended that policy makers ensure that policies aimed at improving environment quality in Nigeria take into account the adverse implications of improving environment quality for poverty so as to ensure that a balance is achieved between improved environment quality and reduced poverty so that a cleaner environment is achieved at lower financial and welfare cost to citizens.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Environment Quality, Carbon dioxide, Access to Sanitation, Access to Electricity, Poverty, Welfare
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Divisions: Faculty of Law, Arts and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Hannah Akinwumi
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2021 23:44
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2021 23:44

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