Ajanaku, K. O. and Dawodu, F. A. and James, O. O. and Ogunniran, K. O. and Ajani, O. O. and Nwinyi, Obinna
HISTOLOGICAL STUDIES OF BREWERY SPENT GRAINS IN DIETARY
PROTEIN FORMULATION IN DONRYU RATS.
Canadian Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 4 (2).
The increasing production of large tonnage of products in brewing industries continually generates lots of solid waste
which includes spent grains, surplus yeast, malt sprout and cullet. The disposal of spent grains is often a problem and
poses major health and environmental challenges, thereby making it imminently necessary to explore alternatives for its management. This paper focuses on investigating the effects of Brewery Spent Grain formulated diet on haematological, biochemical, histological and growth performance of Donryu rats. The rats were allocated into six dietary treatment groups and fed on a short-term study with diet containing graded levels of spent grains from 0, 3, 6, 9, 12 and 100% weight/weight. The outcome demonstrated that formulated diet had a positive effect on the growth performance of the rats up to levels of 6% inclusions, while the haematological and biochemical evaluation revealed that threshold limit should not exceed 9% of the grain. However, the histological study on the liver indicated a limit of 3% inclusion in feed
without serious adverse effect. Thus invariably showing that blend between ranges 1-3% is appropriate for the utilization of the waste in human food without adverse effect on the liver organ. The economic advantage accruing from this waste conversion process not only solves problem of waste disposal but also handle issues of malnutrition in feeding ration.
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