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Evaluation of eco-friendly concrete having waste PET as fine aggregates

Bamigboye, Gideon and Tarverdi, Karnik and Umoren, A. O. and Bassey, Daniel and Okorie, Uchechukwu Emenas and Adediran, J. (2021) Evaluation of eco-friendly concrete having waste PET as fine aggregates. Cleaner Materials, 2.

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This study assesses the impacts of recycling waste polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastic bottles as a partial substitute for fine natural aggregates on the workability, mechanical, microstructural, economic, and thermal properties of concrete. The mix design adopts a concrete mix ratio of 1:2:4 for grade M25, 0.55 water/cement ratio, ordinary Portland cement (OPC) as the binder, varying proportions of heat-processed waste PET and river sand as fine aggregates, and granite as coarse aggregate. Results indicate that workability increased with increasing percentages of waste PET plastics until the 40%PET level, beyond which workability reduces. Compressive and split tensile strength decreased with increasing percentages of waste PET plastics. However, 10% to 40%-PET-modified mixes achieved the recommended strength for M20 concrete. Microstructural analysis on the 30%PET indicates higher quantities of O and Ca, and trivial percentages of Mg, Si, C, Al, and Au. Whereas 100%PET indicates the presence of only C, O, and Au. 100%PET endures three transition stages during heat flow. A glass transition, an exothermic peak below decomposition temperature during cooling at a temperature of 199.88 °C from PET crystallization, and a baseline shift after the endothermic peak at 243.22°C. Thermogravimetry revealed that 100%PET suffers a dual-stage decomposition, an initial stage accounting for an 87.41% reduction in sample mass and a second stage accounting for a further mass loss of 12.79%. Highly significant statistical correlations and regressions developed variations between PET% and the workability and mechanical parameters. The study shows that heat-processed PET-modified concrete is appropriate for structural applications due to its suitable fresh, mechanical, microstructural, and thermal properties. Besides, this practice is eco-friendly and sustainable as it conserves natural resources.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Construction materialsCompressive strengthFine aggregatesConcretePolyethylene terephthalateCement
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Civil Engineering and the Environment
Depositing User: Mrs Hannah Akinwumi
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2022 14:12
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2022 14:12

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