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Female participation in agriculture and economic development in 33 African Countries

Osabohien, Romanus and OLURINOLA, Isaiah Oluranti and Matthew, Oluwatoyin and Azuh, Dominic E. and Aderounmu, Busayo (2021) Female participation in agriculture and economic development in 33 African Countries. African Journal of Reproductive Health November. pp. 107-115.

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Women occupy a crucial position in the agricultural sector because; they participate in different forms, as entrepreneurs, labourers, and marketers among others. Despite the various responsibilities’ women are involved in, such as family and child-care among others; they contribute up to 40% of agricultural GDP. Against this background, this study examined how female participation in agriculture contributes to economic development in selected African countries, which is in line with the United Nations (UN) 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs 5 & 8; to ensure gender equality, decent work and economic growth respectively). The study engaged a panel data of selected 33 African countries sourced from the World Development Indicators (WDI) and the Human Development Index (HDI) for the period of 2000 - 2018. The study applied the Pooled Ordinary Least Squares (POLS) and the fixed effects method based on Hausman specification result. Findings from the POLS and fixed effect were consistent across sub-regions, showing that, female participation in agriculture, though statistically significant, was negatively related to economic development. This means that a 1% increase in female participation in agriculture may reduce economic development by between 0.06% and 2.7%. On the other hand, across model, female education was found to be statistically significant and positively related to economic development. On the average, increased level of female education may increase economic development by 1.71%. The implication of this is that an increase in female participation in agriculture without the required level of education and training and access to agricultural materials may have a negative impact on economic development.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Agriculture, SGD 5 & 8, African women, Africa
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Divisions: Faculty of Law, Arts and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Patricia Nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2022 08:27
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2022 08:27

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