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Afolalu, Sunday A. and Yusuf, Olabisi O. and Abioye, Abiodun A. and Emetere, Moses and Ongbali, Samson O. and Samuel, O.D. (2021) BIOFUEL; A SUSTAINABLE RENEWABLE SOURCE OF ENERGY-A REVIEW. In: International Conference on Energy and Sustainable Environment.

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The improvisation of renewable energy sources is of global concern as there is foresight in the depletion of fossil fuels. This is because there is dependence on energy fuel consumers over time and the detriment on the biotic and abiotic component of the environment is alarming. The need for an alternate source of energy source is imperative. Several options have been considered by the scientific community, especially biofuels which hinges primarily on the type of biomass. Agro waste is most considered because of its abundance but it is competed for as feeding purposes in humans and animals. However, Lignocellulose is being utilized recently. The preliminary step in the conversion of the lignocellulose (pre-treatment) stage is the most challenging which is presented in three major methods; physical, chemical, and biological treatment. This review assessed its sustainability and the limitations of each of these methods. The biological pre-treatment poses to be a costeffective method with a low yield of products. These shortcomings could however be managed by redesigning the procedure to include a partial chemical pre-treatment, optimization of the process parameters such as pressure, temperature, and genetic manipulation of microorganisms of choice.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biofuel; Biodiesel; Biogas; Renewable; Energy; Nanoparticles; Agro waste
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Physics
Depositing User: Mrs Hannah Akinwumi
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2022 14:05
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2022 14:05

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