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Recent advances in functionalized quinoline scaffolds and hybrids —Exceptional pharmacophore in therapeutic medicine

Elebiju, Oluwadunni F. and Ajani, Olayinka O. and Oduselu, G. O and Ogunnupebi, Temitope A. and Adebiyi, Ezekiel (2022) Recent advances in functionalized quinoline scaffolds and hybrids —Exceptional pharmacophore in therapeutic medicine. Frontiers in Chemistry. 01-18.

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Quinoline is one of the most common nitrogen-containing heterocycles owing to its fascinating pharmacological properties and synthetic value in organic and pharmaceutical chemistry. Functionalization of this moiety at different positions has allowed for varying pharmacological activities of its derivative. Several publications over the last few decades have specified various methods of synthesis. This includes classical methods of synthesizing the primary quinoline derivatives and efficient methods that reduce reaction time with increased yield employing procedures that fulfill one of the twelve green chemistry principles, “safer solvent”. The metal nanoparticle-catalyzed reaction also serves as a potent and effective technique for the synthesis of quinoline with excellent atom efficiency. The primary focus of this review is to highlight the routes to synthesizing functionalized quinoline derivatives, including hybrids that have moieties with predetermined activities bound to the quinoline moiety which are of interest in synthesizing drug candidates with dual modes of action, overcoming toxicity, and resistance amongst others. This was achieved using updated literature, stating the biological activities and mechanisms through which these compounds administer relief. The ADMET studies and Structure-Activity Relationship (SAR) of novel derivatives were also highlighted to explore the drug-likeness of the quinoline-hybrids and the influence of substituent characteristics and position on the biological activity of the compounds.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: admet, drug design, hybrid, pharmacological activity, quinoline, synthesis
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Chemistry
Depositing User: nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2023 14:15
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2023 14:15

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