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Chapter 21 - Utilization of nanochitosan in the sterilization of ponds and water treatment for aquaculture

Ahuekwe, Eze Frank and Isibor, Patrick Omoregie and Akinhanmi, Fadekemi and Ajiboye, Ibukun and Salami, A. O. and Adekeye, B. Temitope and Akinpelu, Sharon O. and Kuye, Alice O. and Bello, Oluwakemi A. and Oyewale, J. O. and GEORGE, DANGO ZILPAH and Ojo-Omoniyi, Olusola A. and Popoola, Taiwo S. and Akinyemi, Oluwatobi D. and Adebayo, Glory P. and Oziegbe, Olubukola and Akinduti, P. A. and Akinyosoye, Abimbola D. and Oshamika, Oyewumi O. and Oniha, M. I. and Taiwo, Olugbenga Samson and Akinwunmi, Ruth A. and Iheagwam, Franklyn N and ADELODUN, COMFORT ADEBUKOLA and Orukotan, Kesioluwa E. and BILEWU, OLAYEMI FUNMILAYO and Onibokun, E. A. and FASUYI, NIFEMI OLAMIDE and ONUSELOGU, CHINEDU CHARLES and Oyesola, Olusola L. and Ichor, T. and Ezekiel, O. M. and Akinnola, Olayemi O. and Oranusi, S. U. and Eni, A. O. and Popoola, J.O and Omonhinmin, Conrad A. and Nwinyi, Obinna and Ayanda, Opeyemi Isaac and Olasehinde, G. I and Obembe, Olawole O. (2023) Chapter 21 - Utilization of nanochitosan in the sterilization of ponds and water treatment for aquaculture. In: Next Generation Nanochitosan Applications in Animal Husbandry, Aquaculture and Food Conservation. Academic Press, pp. 301-338.

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Water pollution constitutes the leading cause of infant mortality, neonatal deformities, and shrinkage of man’s average life expectancy. Pollutants come from point and nonpoint sources; and water pollution arises from the discharge of wastewater containing undesirable impurities used for domestic, agricultural, and industrial purposes. More so, high nutrient and wastewater runoffs from fish production systems contribute to the fouling and eutrophication of recipient water bodies. Hence, aquaculture which is inextricably linked to the natural environment is challenged by the dearth of appropriate water quantity and quality, militating against fish, and fishery production. Nanochitosans as polysaccharides produced by the alkalescent deacetylation of chitin, comprise a series of 2-deoxy-2 (acetylamino) glucose linked by ß-(1-4) glycosidic linkages. They are naturally formed from the deacetylation of shellfish shells and exoskeletons of aquatic arthropods and crustaceans. The unique attributes of chitin confer a wide range of biotechnological applications on the polymer, observed in flocculation as a wastewater treatment and purification route initiated by chitosan. This chapter highlights nanochitosan properties of aquaculture relevance; and elucidates the purification potentials of nanochitosan, compared to inorganic coagulants and organic polymeric flocculants. Effects of chitosan on contaminants and microorganisms, as well as applications in fish pathogens detection, fish disease diagnosis, and control are discussed.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aquaculture Effluent Pollutants Steroid Water quality Water treatment
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2023 09:07
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2023 09:07

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