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In silico Structure Prediction, Molecular Docking, and Dynamic Simulation of Plasmodium falciparum AP2-I Transcription Factor

Oladejo, David Oladoke and Oduselu, G. O and Dokunmu, Titilope M. and Isewon, Itunuoluwa and Oyelade, O. J. and Okafor, Esther and Iweala, E. E. J. and Adebiyi, E. F. (2023) In silico Structure Prediction, Molecular Docking, and Dynamic Simulation of Plasmodium falciparum AP2-I Transcription Factor. Bioinformatics and Biology Insights, 17. pp. 1-16.

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Plasmodium falciparum Apicomplexan Apetala 2 Invasion (PfAP2-I) transcription factor (TF) is a protein that regulates the expres�sion of a subset of gene families involved in P. falciparum red blood cell (RBC) invasion. Inhibiting PfAP2-I TF with small molecules represents a potential new antimalarial therapeutic target to combat drug resistance, which this study aims to achieve. The 3D model structure of PfAP2-I was predicted ab initio using ROBETTA prediction tool and was validated using Save server 6.0 and MolProbity. Computed Atlas of Surface Topography of proteins (CASTp) 3.0 was used to predict the active sites of the PfAP2-I modeled structure. Pharmacophore modeling of the control ligand and PfAP2-I modeled structure was carried out using the Pharmit server to obtain several compounds used for molecular docking analysis. Molecular docking and postdocking studies were conducted using AutoDock vina and Discovery studio. The designed ligands’ toxic�ity predictions and in silico drug-likeness were performed using the SwissADME predictor and OSIRIS Property Explorer. The modeled protein structure from the ROBETTA showed a validation result of 96.827 for ERRAT, 90.2% of the amino acid residues in the most favored region for the Ramachandran plot, and MolProbity score of 1.30 in the 98th percentile. Five (5) best hit compounds from molecular docking analysis were selected based on their binding affinity (between −8.9 and −11.7Kcal/mol) to the active site of PfAP2-I and were considered for postdocking studies. For the absorption, distribution, metabolism, elimination, and toxicity (ADMET) properties, compound MCULE-7146940834 had the highest drug score (0.63) and drug-likeness (6.76). MCULE-7146940834 maintained a stable conformation within the flexible protein’s active site during simulation. The good, estimated binding energies, drug-likeness, drug score, and molecular dynamics simulation interaction observed for MCULE-7146940834 against PfAP2-I show that MCULE-7146940834 can be considered a lead candidate for PfAP2-I inhibition. Experimental validations should be carried out to ascertain the efficacy of these predicted best hit compounds

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: PfAP2-I, transcription factor, drug target, small molecules, molecular dynamics simulation, molecular docking
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: AKINWUMI
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2023 15:27
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2023 15:27

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