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Turbidity and Urine Turbidity: A Mini Review

Mbonu, C. C. and Kilanko, O. O and Kilanko, M. B. and Babalola, P.O. (2022) Turbidity and Urine Turbidity: A Mini Review. In: Bioenergy and Biochemical Processing Technologies. Springer, Cham, Switzerland, pp. 253-267. ISBN  Print ISBN978-3-030-96720-8  Online ISBN978-3-030-96721-5

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Turbidity, the measurement for impurity and the opposite phenomenon of clarity, is described as the reduced transparency of a liquid caused by the existence of undissolved matter in the form of suspended particles. The permissible volume of light through the liquid, or light that is not dispersed or absorbed but emitted through the liquid and propagated toward the observer, provides a foundation for the analysis of various subject matters, such as liquid mass concentration and impurity identification. The turbidity of urine is increased by the presence of cellular debris, cast, and, in some cases, crystal and other debris in the urine. Blood (both red and white blood cells), hemoglobin, cholesterol, albumin, leukocyte esterase, nitrites, ketones, bilirubin, and urobilinogen are all substances that are not expected to be found in urine, the presence of which can increase urine turbidity. Owing to the principle of turbidimetry, it is not the detection of turbidity that is the cause of the turbid state of urine but the presence of suspended particles and a rough estimate of the number of suspended particles in urine. This research exposes the different methods of obtaining the turbidity of a liquid sample and the working principles of turbidimetry and nephelometry.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: Turbidity  Nephelometry  Light intensity  Light scatter
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2023 15:17
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2023 15:17

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