University Links: Home Page | Site Map
Covenant University Repository

Synthesis of PET-Magnesium Oxide-Chitosan Nanocomposite Membranes for the Dehydration of Natural Gas

Agboola, Oluranti and Oginni, Grace Ayomide and Oladokun, Olagoke and Efeovbokhan, Vincent Enon and Ayeni, .A. O. and Ayoola, A. A. and Adedamola, Adedayo Adeyanju and Alagbe, Edith Egbimhanlu. and Fayomi, O. S. I and Moropeng, Mapula Lucey and Ogunlade, Stephen Kehinde (2023) Synthesis of PET-Magnesium Oxide-Chitosan Nanocomposite Membranes for the Dehydration of Natural Gas. Periodica Polytechnica Chemical Engineering, 67 (2). pp. 213-224.

[img] PDF
Download (1MB)


Flat thin-film magnesium oxide-chitosan nanocomposite membranes were synthesized with polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and employed for natural gas dehydration. The water vapor permeation was most pronounced with a nanocomposite membrane doped with 0.9 g MgO nanoparticles (NP) as a result of a significant upsurge in the permeability of water vapor in the membrane (0.87). With the increase in MgO NP, large macro-voids are created, substratum pore size, and thickness together with the water vapor permeation were upsurged. The dehydration of natural gas performance of magnesium oxide-chitosan nanocomposite membranes synthesized with PET was enhanced with the increase in MgO NP embedded in the membrane. Though water vapor permeation was restricted by the polyester non-woven material used as a support for the nano composite membranes, as the three membranes did not reach the permeation coefficient of 1. However, the permeation coefficient increased with an increased MgO NP, with three mambrane samples (M1, M2 and M3) having permeation coefficient of 0.763, 0.77 and 0.87 respectively. The gas reduced with an increase MgO NP, with M1, M2 and M3 having 3.46 × 10−2, 3.17 × 10−2 and 3.88 × 10−3 kg/m3 respectively. From the adsorption study, the discrepancy observed between CH4 and vapor with isotherm models was ascribed to the different adsorption behavior of CH4 and vapor on the membrane-active area. The cost of making the membrane cannot be considered as a terminal criterion because most of the cost-effective option is not always the optimum one. The membranes confirmed their suitability for the dehydration of natural gas.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: natural gas, dehydration, nanocomposite membranes, permeability, adsorption isotherm models
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2023 15:09
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2023 15:09

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item