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Ibidunni, Ayodotun Stephen. and Ufua, Daniel Ebakoleaneh and Okorie, Uchechukwu Emenas and Kehinde, B. (2019) LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY IN AGRICULTURAL SECTOR OF SUB-SAHARA AFRICA (2010 – 2017): A DATA ENVELOPMENT AND PANEL REGRESSION APPROACH. African Journal of Economic and Management Studies, 11 (2). pp. 207-232.

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Purpose: This study focused on investigating labour productivity in the agricultural sector of sub-Sahara Africa countries between the periods of 2010 – 2017. Design/Methodology/Approach: The study adopted descriptive design. The sample size for this research include thirty-seven sub-Sahara African nations. Measuring SSA nation’s agricultural productivity in this study was based on input and output factors relating to the labour resource utilization between the periods of 2010 - 2017. Data Envelopment Analysis and panel regression analysis were carried out to examine labour productivity within the set periods. Findings: The findings from the study suggests that labour productivity in the agricultural sector of Sub-Sahara Africa countries can be improved from its presently low state of productivity. The statistical analysis showed that between the periods of 2010 – 2013, only about 34.9 percent of countries in the region were technically efficient in the utilization of labour resources for productive use. More disturbing was that, from 2014 – 2017, labour productivity dropped to 11.6 percent. Meanwhile, employment of labour in the agricultural sector revealed as low as 1.58 percentage to crop production index in the region. Notably, there is the potential of labour employment to derive as high as 80 percent yield to the Gross Domestic Product of economies in the SSA region. Practical Implications: Considering the strategic role of labour to the agricultural sector of SSA countries, there must be a stakeholders approach to stimulating the interest of the populace of these countries and getting them actively involved in the agricultural sector. This imply that government, investors, support agencies from developed economies and populace of the SSA nations must support the drive towards agricultural productivity of the SSA nations. Originality/Value: This study established a research agenda that involved a paradigm shift from the more rampant literature on foreign investments, agricultural research, rural livelihood and well-being, among others to focusing on issues that pertain to labour productivity for sustainable agricultural yields in Sub-Sahara Africa countries. Also, the methodology adopted in the study, such as application of Data Envelopment Analysis and regression analysis to panel data, shows a departure from single units of analysis adopted by existing studies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Labour Productivity, Agricultural Productivity, Poverty Reduction, Sub-Sahara Africa, Data Envelopment Analysis
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Divisions: Faculty of Law, Arts and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 06 Nov 2023 13:45
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2023 13:45

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