University Links: Home Page | Site Map
Covenant University Repository

Government Health Expenditure, Education and Under-5 Mortality Rate in Nigeria

Urhie, Ese S and Igwe, Blessing i. and Anosike, Onyinyechi G. (2019) Government Health Expenditure, Education and Under-5 Mortality Rate in Nigeria. In: ICSDA 2019, CEDS Hall, Covenant University, Ota Nigeria.

[img] PDF
Download (2MB)


In view of Nigeria's persistently poor health throughout the years, this research looked into the third Sustainable Development Goal (SDG-3), which intended to ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all people of all ages. One of the key goals was to bring the worldwide under-5 mortality rate down to at least 25 per 1,000 live births by 2030. Nigeria was the world's poorest performer in 2019, with a rate of 117.2 per 1000 live births. This study explored the extent to which government health expenditure in Nigeria has promoted health outcomes in the context of education level, based on existing theories that support the relevance of finance in promoting health outcomes. Time series data from 1982 to 2019 were used in the study. As a metric of health outcome, the study used the under-5 mortality rate (U5MR). Other variables in this study include the primary school enrolment rate and federal government health spending throughout the time period under consideration. To describe and analyze the impacts of health expenditure and education on the under-5 death rate in Nigeria, the study uses a quantitative research method. The interactive multiple regression model is used in this study. A Co-integration econometric approach was employed on the Eviews-9 econometric package to evaluate the interactive effect of health expenditure and education on under-5 mortality rate using Nigerian data. The analysis revealed that in the short term, neither government spending nor education alone will be sufficient to reduce U5MR in Nigeria. According to the study, econometric and statistical models used to analyse health and other social issues should be developed to reflect reality. Furthermore, because education and health are both social factors that contribute to the development of human capital in particular and human development in general, the federal government as well as state governments should ensure that the two ministries work in harmony. The ministry of health and the ministry of education are the two ministries under question. This will, without a doubt, lead to greater synergy and, as a result, higher efficiency in the use of national resources.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Education, Government Expenditure, Health, Under-5 Mortality Rate
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Law, Arts and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2023 16:06
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2023 16:06

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item