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Mathematical Modelling of Public Health Expenditure and Carbon Footprint in Nigeria

Omodero, Cordelia and Alege, P. O. (2022) Mathematical Modelling of Public Health Expenditure and Carbon Footprint in Nigeria. Mathematical Modelling of Engineering Problems, 9 (5). pp. 1282-1288.

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Most major rising economies are seeing a rise in health problems as a result of airborne smog caused by carbon dioxide discharges. The situation in Nigeria is getting too concerning, as the expense of healthcare services continues to rise as a result of environmental problems. The purpose of this research is to determine the extent to which investments in healthcare and social welfare have altered Nigeria's carbon footprint. Dependent variable in this study is CO2 emissions captured by the World Bank Development Indicators in metric tonnes, whereas the independent variables are public healthcare spending and social welfare cost. The data for these variables are kept in the Central Bank of Nigeria Statistical Bulletin from 2006 to 2020. Several statistical tests are being used in the study to confirm model stability, appropriateness, and normalcy. As a consequence, the unit root is validated at the level, and additional diagnostic tests show that the multiple regression model used in this work is free of distortion, serial correlation, and hetroskedacity. As a result, the data reveal that the predictor factors have a substantial and positive correlation with Nigeria's carbon footprint. Further data show that healthcare costs have a considerable and beneficial influence on carbon footprint, but social welfare spending is insignificant in this regard. The report recommends the use of green technologies to minimize carbon emissions and enhance the overall health of the population. As a solution, both people and the government's health-care costs will be significantly reduced in the absence of air pollution.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: public health, air pollution, green environment, government investment, social welfare
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Divisions: Faculty of Law, Arts and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2024 14:52
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2024 14:52

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