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Comparison between Oxygen (dry) and Water Vapour (wet) Attenuation from an Airborne Platform to Satellite in Nigeria

Adeyemi, O. J. and Omotosho, T. V. and Akinwumi, S. A. and Arijaje, Theophilus E. and Ometan, Oluwafunmilayo O. and Fashade, O.O. (2021) Comparison between Oxygen (dry) and Water Vapour (wet) Attenuation from an Airborne Platform to Satellite in Nigeria. In: International Conference on Space Science and Communication, 2021, Online.

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Aeronautical applications have become very important in supporting communications for inflight entertainment and in-flight connectivity services. As the local aircraft is moving from one location to the other at higher altitudes between 6 – 8 km above the sea level, the link between airborne platform and satellite undergoes signal degradation which affects internet connection for the passenger. However, cloud and gases are major tropospheric effects that cause attenuation above rain height of 5 km for radio wave propagation most importantly microwave signals for an airborne platform to space communication in the Ku and above. Therefore, the analysis and prediction of the airborne-satellite path links of gas and cloud attenuation is essential, hence the importance of this research. An historical radiosonde data obtained from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) covering three locations in Nigeria; Abuja (2006-2018), Ikeja (1966-2019), and Kano (1972-2019) at an elevation angles of 48.5 ˚, 44.5 ˚ and 48.8 ˚ respectively were used for this research. The total attenuation at V-band, both uplink and downlink frequencies follow the same pattern; at Abuja station in 2007 the total attenuation is about 2.6053 dB at 50 GHz and 0.7487 dB at 40 GHz while at Ikeja station in 1961 the total attenuation is about 3.7882 dB at 50 GHz and 1.0575 dB at 40 GHz and finally at Kano station in 1990 the total attenuation is about 5.7119 dB at 50 GHz and 1.4881 dB at 40 GHz. Hence, the results can be useful for the Nigeria meteorological Agency (NIMET) and the Nigeria Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA) in planning for a more efficient airborne – space communication for aviation safety, in-flight connectivity (IFC) and in-Flight entertainment (IFE).

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Physics
Depositing User: nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 28 May 2024 15:31
Last Modified: 28 May 2024 15:31

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