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Carbondioxide Electricity Generation Prospect in Nigeria

Aasa, S. A. and Ajayi, O. O. and Adavbiele, A. S. and Akinbode, F.O. (2013) Carbondioxide Electricity Generation Prospect in Nigeria. Journal of Energy Technologies and Policy, 3 (1). pp. 32-39. ISSN 2225-0573

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Abstract

The need to meet up with the present energy demand in Nigeria calls for urgent mediation. Using the carbon dioxide data obtained from IEA through the ministry of Environment in Nigeria and the knowledge of bottoming power generation; the ability of Carbon dioxides exhaust gas from the power plant is exploited. Qualitative amount of power is estimated from the nation industrial Carbon dioxide potential generation. The result shows that an optimum amount of 564.7MW of electricity per year could be estimated from this power source; this is equivalent to 10.8% of projected power required for year 2030. Therefore, using Carbon dioxide hybrid turbine a total amount of 1265MW of electricity could be spawned by year 2030. With these results it is concluded that Carbon dioxides powered turbine has better prospects in Nigeria energy needs. 1.0 Introduction The electricity demand in Nigeria is far outstrips its supply, this has been attributed to a number of causes Sambo, (2008). The little power available is epileptic in nature for few locations that is distributed. Its enormous needs in technological and socio-economic developments called for urgent attention; no substantial development could occur without it copiousness. Despites our huge resources and potential for power generation, this defect has made the development in the country to be so retrogressive. The fact that the first electricity installed in Nigeria is over a century, coupled with our potentials of having a stable power supply is enough to possess a developed steady economics. More so, literature had it that the electricity came to Nigeria just after fifteen years it was introduced in England. According to Sambo, (2008) various bodies were established in the process of regimenting this sector such blocs are; The Electricity Corporation of Nigeria (ECN) in 1950, Native Authorities and Nigeria Electricity Supply Company (NESCO), Niger Dams Authority (NDA), National Electric Power Authority (NEPA) and now Power Holding Company of Nigeria (PHCN), Energy Commission of Nigeria (ECN), with all the policies of these established bodies the power generation in the country is yet to be upright. In fact, Osueke and Ezeh, (2011) emphasized that instead for positive income elasticity demand Nigeria is having negative which show an in balance energy Furthermore, a capacity of about 5,600MW power generating station was installed in Nigeria but less than 2000MW is generated as at 2001 and even now less than 2,600MW is available as compared to a load demands of 6,000MW and 120000MW in 2005 and 2030 respectively IAEA/ECN, Osueke and Ezeh, (2011), IAEA/ECN, (2007). The mandate given by act 19 in 1989 gave strategic planning and co-ordination of national policies in the field of energy in all its ramifications. In all these power sources 31.3% and 68.3% Sambo, (2008) were for hydro and natural gas stations respectively and other occupied the remaining percentages. In spite of all these efforts the available power in the country now is less than 3000MW of electricity and the most of this power stations and other heavy duties industries give out huge emission of CO2, a green house gas, GHG, which has great effects on the environmental conduciveness. Sims et al (2007) studied the various sources of green houses gases and found out that over 70% of energy generation emit CO2 virtually in all parts of the world. Though most developed nations adopt different methods to control these like capturing methods but scientist still envisaged that greater measure is required to combat the release of this harmful gases. This means that all cost-effective means of reducing carbon

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: Mr Solomon Bayoko
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2014 11:37
Last Modified: 25 Feb 2014 11:37
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/2151

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