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Forensic Investigation of Fire-affected Reinforced Concrete Buildings

Awoyera, P. O. and Akinwumi, I. I. and Ede, A. N. and Olofinnade, O. M. (2014) Forensic Investigation of Fire-affected Reinforced Concrete Buildings. IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE), 11 (4). pp. 17-23. ISSN 2278-1684

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Abstract

This study focused on forensic investigation of fire-affected reinforced concrete buildings. Post-fire investigation was conducted on structural elements in three selected fire-affected concrete buildings, in order to ascertain their in situ residual strengths and also to provide data for use in future assessment of fire-affected buildings. The selected sites for investigation include a five-storey building at Alagbaka and a bungalow at Adegbola in Akure, and a ten-storey building in Benin, Nigeria. Rebound hammer and ultrasonic pulse velocity are two non-destructive tests apparatus used for this investigation. Average values of pulse velocity were fitted into an established model in order to estimate the probable temperature, which the buildings were subjected to. Tests were conducted on beams, columns and slabs in both the affected and the unaffected parts of the buildings. From the results, visual examination of the fire-affected buildings revealed changes in the colour of the concrete, delamination of plaster of slab and exposure of reinforcement for severe cases at various locations on the concrete members. In addition, there was notable reduction in the in situ strengths of the fire-affected structural members when compared with the unaffected members. It was deduced that concrete members subjected to temperatures above 6000C lost about 70 % of its strength.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TH Building construction
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Civil Engineering and the Environment
Depositing User: Engr. Isaac Ibukun Akinwumi
Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2014 12:51
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2015 06:53
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/2724

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