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Therapeutic Efficacy and Effects of Artemether-Lumefantrine and Artesunate-Amodiaquine Coformulated or Copackaged on Malaria-Associated Anemia in Children with Uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum Malaria in Southwest Nigeria

Gbotosho, Grace O. and Sowunmi, Akintunde and Okuboyejo, Titilope M. and Happi, Christian T. and Folarin, Onikepe A and Michael, Obaro S and Adewoye, Elsie O. (2011) Therapeutic Efficacy and Effects of Artemether-Lumefantrine and Artesunate-Amodiaquine Coformulated or Copackaged on Malaria-Associated Anemia in Children with Uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum Malaria in Southwest Nigeria. The American Society of Tropical M. pp. 813-819.

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Abstract

The therapeutic efficacy and effects of artemether-lumefantrine (AL) and artesunate-amodiaquine coformulated (AAcf) or co-packaged (AAcp) on malaria-associated anemia (MAA) were evaluated in 285 children < 12 years of age with uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria randomized to receive one of the three drug combinations. Fever and parasite clearance times were similar in all treatment groups. Mean drug-attributable fall in hematocrit (DAFH), defined as difference between hematocrit values pre- and 3 d post- initiation of treatment, was low (< 4.5%) and rates of recovery from MAA were similar with all treatments. Mean areas under curve (AUCs) of the plot of deficit in hematocrit levels from 30% versus time in anemic children were similar in all groups. All regimens were well tolerated. AL, AAcf and AAcp cleared fever and parasitemia rapidly and had similar rates of resolution of MAA after treatment in malarious Nigerian children. * Address correspo

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Patricia Nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2014 12:06
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2015 16:27
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/2777

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