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Globalization and the Built Environment: Urbanization and Sustainable Housing Development

Babalola, Daniel Olatunde (2006) Globalization and the Built Environment: Urbanization and Sustainable Housing Development. In: International Conference on the Built Environment: Innovation Policy and Sustainable Development.

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The issue of urbanization as a phenomenon has become a reality of the modern world even as it undergoes various transformations. The entire world regarded as rural in 1700 with less than 5% of its population living in cities has grown to become more urbanized in 2000 AD with at least 50% of its population already living in cities. It is also estimated that in the years 2050, 2100 and 2200 at least 66%, 90% and 95% of the population respectively will live in cities. Thus by 2200 A.D it is expected that the whole world will be urbanized to a level to be described as one global city (or urban world). It could have being a thing of joy for a village (or rural area) to be transformed into a city (urban area), but for the accompanying problems, which unless they are solved along with its transformation, the expected bliss will remain an illusion. Urbanization, a measure of development and civilization resulted from natural increase in population due to increased birth rate as against comparatively lower death rate, rural urban migration and in-migration of foreigners mostly to urban areas of countries. While we have tremendous increase in population in urban areas, the rural areas are also increasing at a lower rate but very significant increase in population as well. The growth imposed unlimited strains on inadequate housing and other infrastructural facilities that can make life more meaningful in urban areas, while in the rural areas inadequate housing provision both in quantity and quality and lack of infrastructural facilities are common features. The growth in cites in the developed nations has stabilized to some extent, but most growth is occurring in the cities of the poor, less developed and developing nations that are ill equipped to accommodate it. This paper attempts to discuss issues of sustainable housing development especially in the less developed and developing nations of the world as a panacea to this aspect of globalization

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Development, globalization, housing, population, sustainability, urbanization
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Civil Engineering and the Environment
Depositing User: Mr Solomon Bayoko
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2014 10:20
Last Modified: 20 Dec 2014 10:20

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