Morphological intraspecific variabilities in African yam
bean (AYB) (Sphenostylis stenocarpa Ex. A. Rich)
Scientific Research and Essay, 6 (3).
Intraspecific variabilities in 25 IITA accessions of African yam bean (AYB) (Sphenostylis stenocarpa Ex.
A. Rich.) Harms were assessed through characterization of 36 morphological characters. The
intraspecific variabilities among the accessions were evaluated by the following statistical analysis
tools: Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), principal component and cluster analysis (Semi - partial Rsquared
method). The accessions showed significant differences in a number of morphological
characters and the P values indicated significant differences (p � 0.0001) in 27 characters. Statistical
analysis showed that terminal leaflet length, terminal leaflet width, peduncle length, pod length, pod
width, number of locules per pod and number of seeds per pod contributed significantly to seed set
percentages in all the studied populations. Cluster analysis on the morphological data clustered the
accessions into six distinct groups with pod and seed traits contributing significantly to the grouping.
Pod lengths, number of seeds per pod and seed weight were observed to be useful characters for
genetic improvement of AYB.
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