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Optimization of pretreatment conditions using full factorial design and enzymatic convertibility of shea tree sawdust

Ayeni, .A. O. and Banerjee, S. and Omoleye, James and Hymore, F. K. and Giri, B. S. and Deshmukh, S. C. and Pandey, R. A. and Mudliar, S. N. (2013) Optimization of pretreatment conditions using full factorial design and enzymatic convertibility of shea tree sawdust. ScienceDirect, 48. 1 3 0 -1 3 8.

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Abstract

In this study alkaline wet air oxidation (WAO), alkaline peroxide assisted wet air oxidation (APAWAO), and enzymatic hydrolysis methods were evaluated for conversion of wood residue (sawdust) to reducing sugars. Cellulose content, hemicellulose solubilization, and lignin removal forWAOpretreatment conditions were optimized by statistical analysis using a 23-full factorial design with reaction temperature, air pressure, and reaction time as the process parameters. An optimum WAO condition of 170 �C, 1.0 MPa, 10 min was predicted and experimentally validated to give 518 g kg-1 cellulose content, 580 g kg-1 hemicellulose solubilization, and 171 g kg-1 lignin removal in the solid fraction. About 7 g L-1 reducing sugars was detected in the pretreated liquid fraction. Presoaking the dry raw biomass for 24 h in H2O2 followed by wet air oxidation (APAWAO) at the optimized conditions resulted in enrichment up to 683 g kg-1 cellulose content in the solid fraction along with solubilization of 789 g kg-1 hemicellulose and 280 g kg-1 lignin removal. The yield of reducing sugars from WAO optimized conditions by two enzyme preparations (cellulase and b-glucosidase) was 131mgg-1 of dry substrate, while the APAWAO yielded 274mgg-1. Pretreatments used in this study showed to have a disrupting effect on the lignocellulosic biomass, making the treated materials accessible for enzymatic hydrolysis. The combination of presoaking inH2O2 before WAO pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis was found to give the highest sugar yield.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Wet oxidation Factorial design Optimization Pretreatment Digestibility Vitellaria paradoxa
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Patricia Nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2015 12:18
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2015 12:18
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/3396

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