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Methanolysis of Triglycerides Using Jatropha oil and Koh Catalyst

Ayoola, A. A. and Efeovbokhan, Vincent Enon and Adeeyo, O.A. and Johnson, Oluwatosin (2013) Methanolysis of Triglycerides Using Jatropha oil and Koh Catalyst. International Journal of Advanced Research in IT and Engineering, 2 (3). pp. 61-69. ISSN 2278-6244

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Abstract

In this study, Jatropha curcas oil was used as feedstock for biodiesel production by alkali-catalyzed methanolysis. To establish the optimum conditions for biodiesel production, effects of certain factors were investigated, these factors are oil-to-methanol molar ratios (1:4 - 1:8), KOH catalyst concentrations (0.5 - 1.5% w/w oil), reaction temperatures (50 - 70ºC), and reaction times (55 - 90minutes). Biodiesel produced were analyzed to determine its viscosity, flash point and pour point. The experimental work revealed that optimum conditions for Jatropha curcas biodiesel production were oil-to-methanol molar ratio of 1:6, a catalyst concentration of 1.0% w/w oil, a reaction temperature of 60 °C, and a reaction time of 80 minutes. The methyl ester produced under these optimum conditions was 93.75 % w/w.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodiesel, Jatropha oil, Methanol, Methanolysis, Trans-esterification, Triglycerides.
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Patricia Nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2015 12:21
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2015 14:30
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/3417

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