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Optimization of Experimental Conditions for Biodiesel Production

Ayoola, A. A. and Hymore, F. K. and Obande, Mathew A., and Udeh, Ifeoma N. (2012) Optimization of Experimental Conditions for Biodiesel Production. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 12 (6). pp. 130-133.

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Abstract

This study is based on optimizing the experimental conditions of biodiesel production by base-catalyzed transesterification using waste cooking oil (WCO). In this study, the key parameters varied were methanol (20, 25, 30, 35, and 40%), sodium hydroxide (0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 0.9 and 1.0g), reaction time (40, 60, 90, 100 and 120 minutes) and reaction temperature (50, 52, 55, 58, and 60 oC). Maximum biodiesel yield of 86% was obtained at optimum conditions of 30% methanol concentration, 0.4g of NaOH concentration, 60oC reaction temperature and 90 minutes of operation. Biodiesel produced meets American Standard of Testing and Materials (ASTM) standards of biodiesel fuel: viscosity (4.0564 – 4.9824cSt), density (0.8790 – 0.8819g/cm3), flash point (157 – 168oC), pour point (0 to -3oC) and calculated cetane index (7.45 – 8.26).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodiesel, fossil fuel, methanol, transesterification, waste cooking oil.
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Patricia Nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2015 15:29
Last Modified: 03 Feb 2015 15:29
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/3428

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